3- Avaliações em termos de custo - benefício de todos os Serviços Públicos
Por fim, observa-se que é hoje possível e fácil de fazer quantitativamente avaliações em termos de custo - benefício para a Sociedade de todos os Serviços Públicos, incluindo Educação, Saúde, Parcerias Público Privadas, Empresas Públicas e Investimentos de todos os tipos (Estradas e Auto-estradas, Caminhos de Ferro, Barragens, Pontes, etc.).
E em termos de custo–malefício para a Sociedade, de greves, incêndios e outras catástrofes, engarrafamentos de trânsito, etc.
Braga, Maio de 2011
Alguma bibliografia sobre “welfare state”
Survival of the European welfare state
Routledge, 2000 - 246 páginas
"Crisis". "Breakdown". "Dismantlement." Since the 1970's, these have become the catchphrases used to describe the condition of the welfare states in Europe, in academic and media analyses alike. This book provides an alternative, more optimistic interpretation. It aims to increase both theoretical understanding and empirical knowledge of recent welfare reforms in areas including Spain, Denmark, the UK, Germany and the EU as a whole. A valuable resource for students, researchers and practitioners with an interest in the welfare state
Why we need a new welfare state?
Oxford University Press, 2002 - 244 páginas
Leading scholars in the field examine the highly topical issue of the future of the welfare state in Europe. They argue that welfare states need to adjust, and examine which kind of welfare architecture will further Europe's stated goal of maximum social inclusion and justice. The volumeconcentrates on four principal social policy domains; the aged and transition to retirement; the welfare issues related to profound changes in working life; the new risks and needs that arise in households and, especially, in child families; and the challenges of creating gender equality. Thevolume aims to promote a better understanding of the key welfare issues that will have to be faced in the coming decades
European social policy: between fragmentation and integration
Brookings Institution Press, 1995 - 492 páginas
As the European Union grows and matures, its movement toward a single market has been the primary focus of attention. However, other policy areas have been greatly affected by the process of European integration. This volume deals with the development of social policy in the EU. The authors examine the substance of particular policies, such as industrial relations, immigration, agriculture, and gender equality. They emphasize the distinctive nature and dynamics of integrating policy in a "multi-tiered" system--one in which individual member states share policymaking responsibilities with central authorities. They also compare social policymaking in the EU with that in Canada and
Dismantling the welfare state?:
Reagan, Thatcher, and the politics of retrenchment
Cambridge University Press, 1995 - 224 páginas
This book offers a careful examination of the politics of social policy in an era of austerity and conservative governance. Focusing on the administrations of Ronald Reagan and Margaret Thatcher, Pierson provides a compelling explanation for the welfare state’s durability and for the few occasions where each government was able to achieve significant cutbacks. The programmes of the modern welfare state - the ‘policy legacies’ of previous governments - generally proved resistant to reform. Hemmed in by the political supports that have developed around mature social programmes, conservative opponents of the welfare state were successful only when they were able to divide the
The new politics of the welfare state
Oxford University Press, 2001 - 514 páginas
The welfare states of affluent democracies now stand at the center of political discussion and social conflict. In these path-breaking essays, an international team of leading analysts demonstrate that the politics of social policy focus on the renegotiation, restructuring, and modernization of the post-war social contract rather than its dismantling
Politics in time: history, institutions, and social analysis
Princeton University Press, 2004 - 196 páginas
This groundbreaking book represents the most systematic examination to date of the often-invoked but rarely examined declaration that "history matters." Most contemporary social scientists unconsciously take a "snapshot" view of the social world. Yet the meaning of social events or processes is frequently distorted when they are ripped from their temporal context. Paul Pierson argues that placing politics in time--constructing "moving pictures" rather than snapshots--can vastly enrich our understanding of complex social dynamics, and greatly improve the theories and methods that we use to explain them.Politics in Timeopens a new window on the temporal aspects of the social world. It explores a range of important features and implications of evolving social processes: the variety of processes that unfold over significant periods of time, the circumstances under which such different processes are likely to occur, and above all, the significance of these temporal dimensions of social life for our understanding of important political and social outcomes. Ranging widely across the social sciences, Pierson's analysis reveals the high price social science pays when it becomes a historical. And it provides a wealth of ideas for restoring our sense of historical process. By placing politics back in time, Pierson's book is destined to have a resounding and enduring impact on the work of scholars and students in fields from political science, history, and sociology to economics and policy analysis.
(reprodução parcial de texto de opinião do autor identificado, de que esta constitui a última parte)